Yesim Khan

Yesim Khan


Yesim Khan ruled from 1598 – 1628’s.

Yesim Khan statesman, military leader, legislator Khan. The son of Sultan Shygaya.
One of the greatest political figures of the second half of the XVI and XVII centuries of the first half. He was able to neutralize the external threat and unite the Kazakh tribes in extremely difficult years.
A supporter of the centralization of power, made changes to the customary law of the Kazakhs (“Esіm hannyң eckі Zholy” – “Esim original way”).

Expanding the boundaries of the Kazakh Khanate of Turkestan and Samarkand.
If Yesim Kazakh Khanate became a powerful military state, which had 300-400 thousand cavalry. For success in military battles in the people nicknamed “Eңsegey baits Yesim ep” (“Giant Batyr Yesim”). However, to win power over all possessions Tevekkelya Yesim managed immediately.

As Sultan Yesim, along with his brother he led the struggle for power in the cities along the coast of the Syr Darya. In 1599, by signing an agreement with the Bukhara Khanate, Yesim attached to the Kazakh khanate Tashkent city and its surroundings. However, taking advantage of the fragmentation of the Kazakh lands, Bukhara Imam Kuli Khan undertook a series of attempts to seize Tashkent. In 1611 Imam Kuli started a campaign against Tashkent. For unclear reasons, the campaign was aborted and the Bukharan troops have reached Samarkand, were returned.

Between 1613 and 1621 years., Campaigns against the Kazakhs over for Imam Kuli failure. Several times frustrated Kazakh militia, the Imam-Kuli gave up claims to Tashkent. Leading role in the fight against the Uzbeks of Tashkent did not play Tursun and Yesim. In an effort to unite the Kazakh lands, Yesim face and Mogolistanom, which remained under the control of a significant portion of the eastern Kazakh nomads. Teaming up with the Kyrgyz, supported internal turmoil in Mogolistane. In 1610-1611 gg., In the 1617-1620 biennium. actively supported the son of the ruler Mogolistan Abd-ur-Rashid Abd al-Rahim rebellious against the rules in Mogolistane ruler Çalış and Turfan.
Later Yesim managed to strengthen political ties with the Kazakh Khanate East Turkestan.

Yesim waged a bitter struggle with oyrotskih Kalmyks, resumed at the beginning of the XVII century. its attacks on the eastern region of Kazakhstan.

At the beginning of the seventeenth century. active work to reunite scattered possessions of the Kazakhs and their protection against external enemies Esim inevitably lead to a clash with the owner of Tashkent Tursun, who belonged to the primacy of seniority among the sultans on the Khan’s power. After it was Yesim.

In 1627 there was an armed clash between Yesim and Tursun. As a result, Tursun was killed. Tashkent and the surrounding area for 200 years have passed into the possession of the Kazakh Khanate. Yesim managed to achieve unification possessions Aknazarov (Haqq-Nazar), but for a very short period of time. After his death, the fragmentation of the Kazakh Khanate continued to evolve.

Yesim rules of Turkestan – the capital of the khanate. Buried in Turkestan. “Yesim Aboriginal WAY” (“Ecim hannyң eskі Zhol”), a set of laws adat traditional Kazakh society. Compiled during the reign of Kasim Yesim defended the practical application of the law Kasim, has come down to it without any changes. Thanks Yesim, the law Kasim widespread among the people. Statutes provide for the analysis of criminal cases (theft, murder, etc.). Question of the lawsuit related to land, livestock, etc .; the status of women; of conscription; on the traditional events; assistance to the poor and others.

Yesim managed to clarify and improve the legal provisions in accordance with the needs of the military, political, and social life.

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