Zhangir Khan

Zhangir Khan


Zhangir Khan ruled from 1628 to 1652.

Sulky Zhangir Khan – a prominent statesman and an outstanding leader. Succeeded by Yesim Khan’s Khan’s throne. During the life of courage Zhangir people nicknamed “Salko Zhәңgir” (impressive). As the historians to Zhangir were characterized by qualities such as determination, perseverance, endurance and willingness to sacrifice. These qualities have put him on a par with the name of his father and rescued Kazakh tribes of the civil wars and external threats of physical destruction.

The exact date of the proclamation Zhangir Khan has not been established. There is no reliable data about the year of his birth. According to some reports, he was raised on a white rug immediately after his father’s death in 1628, but its long recognized as the supreme khan of Kazakhs. To some extent he repeated the fate of his father, returning the title of Khan after detachment from the real power.

Like his father Yesim Khan Zhangir was also concerned about the threat of Junggar. Fears intensified after coming to power Batura-huntaydzhi (1635-1654), who created a strong centralized state in Dzungaria. At this point, the Kazakh Khanate occurred internecine strife. Each representative Chingizids claimed supremacy. Attempts sultans strengthen its political influence met with fierce resistance from the beys, who also sought to increase its role. The constant political struggle prevented the growth Zhangir Khan’s power, which always had to prove its inherited the right to rule.

In one of the battles with Dzhungars in 1635 Zhangir captured. After the conclusion of a peace treaty was released home with an obligation no longer bother border Jungar khanate, however, he did not keep his word and continued to harass Oirat border, in connection with what was later killed 17-year-old son Oirat (hoshutskogo) Ochirtu-Tsetsen Khan Galdmoy Noyon . Capture undermined for some time his reputation among political opponents and the public.
As pointed out by many historical documents Zhangir maintained alliance with the Mughal rulers, which was a continuation of political traditions laid by his father. An active role in the implementation of foreign policy played his son Tauke. He had friendly relations with the ruler of Samarkand Zhalantos Bahadur (1576-1656). Their union was a response to the creation of Erdeni Batur coalition for an attack on the Seven Rivers.

When Erdeni Batur in 1643 seized some land in the southern and south-eastern spurs of the Tian Shan, Zhangir with the host 600 people decided to meet the enemy’s army, despite its significant superiority (Zhungars was 50,000). For Battle Mountain Zhangir chose a place close to the River Hor. A tactic of warfare has been selected trench method. Researchers who carefully studied the place of the famous battle, note that a number of complex Zhangir applied tactics of the arsenal of military art of the Kazakhs, but at the same time used the unextended fragmentation methods among the nomads of the enemy. As described by AI Levshin, Zhangir, fearing an open military confrontation with Dzhungars, arranged part of his squad in a gorge between two mountains, he dug in advance by a deep moat and high obnesya shaft. The length of the military fort was 2.5-3 km, the front edge of the trench was as tall as a human growth. The main forces of Kazakhs was hit from the rear and Dzhungars not expecting such a turn of events could not offer resistance. During this fight Dzhungars lost a significant number of soldiers (about 10,000 people) and was forced to retreat under the onslaught of the troops came to the rescue of Samarkand Zhalantos Bahadur.

However, the military clashes still occur, progress has been variable. Some time Dzhungars even controlled the eastern part Semirechye. In 1652, during a campaign hoshoutskogo Ochirtu-Tsetsen Khan in Kazakh ulus, Zhangir was killed by his son Galdamoy.

In recognition he was buried in the city of Turkestan, near the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi; later his grave was erected a mausoleum, which to this day has not been preserved.

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